Consumers who defaulted only on their mortgages during the recession are far better credit risks on new loans than those who fell behind on multiple credit accounts, such as credit cards and auto loans, according to a study by TransUnion.
This was true across all credit score ranges.
The 60-day delinquency rate for new auto loans among consumers with a mortgage-only delinquency was 5.8% vs. 13.1% for borrowers with multiple delinquencies.
The same held true for holders of new credit cards: 11.4% vs. 27.1%.
The study found no strong evidence supporting the “excess liquidity theory,” which suggests consumers who stopped paying their mortgages during the recession had an increased cash flow in the short-term, and therefore could repay other debts.
In fact, consumers in the foreclosure process performed similarly, if not better, on certain accounts when they opened them further in the foreclosure process.
“There appears to be a pocket of opportunity among mortgage-only defaulters that’s not the result of excess liquidity, but rather the unique circumstances of the recent recession,” notes Steve Chaouki, group vice president in TransUnion’s financial services business unit. “This new market segment that the recession created is an important one for lenders to understand. They have the potential today to be stronger and more reliable customers.”
"This recession was unique in that certain consumers who defaulted on mortgages would otherwise be good credit risks,” adds Ezra Becker, vice president of research and consulting in TransUnion’s financial services business unit. “It appears their actions were driven more by difficult economic circumstances than by any inherent inability to manage debt.
“Also, these results are well-aligned with our past research into the reversal of the payment hierarchy dynamic,” he continues. “Bottom line: Consumers prioritize their payments based on product preference when they find themselves constrained financially. In that sense, loan defaults have always been strategic.”
A noteworthy exception was seen in credit cards where a slight increase in delinquencies occurred when consumers delayed the opening of the new tradeline. The delinquency changes were minimal between accounts opened seven to 11 months later (18.5%) and 12 or more months later (18.7%).
“While we do not discount these results, we do not consider them conclusive given the remainder of the findings,” Chaouki says.
This study sheds light on consumer behavior in a challenging economy, Becker says.
“The analysis of consumer preferences between products and how they manage and prioritize them is important information lenders need to leverage to effectively manage their customer relationships,” he says. “This study affords lenders greater insight into consumer performance, hopefully leading to a more mutually profitable, long-term relationship between lender and borrower.”